Healthy scalp helps against hair loss

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Healthy scalp helps against hair loss

Hair loss! We’ll tell you what to look out for.

If you are one of those peo­ple who still have hair on their head, you are unlike­ly to wor­ry about your scalp — unless it is caus­ing prob­lems. Many peo­ple often focus on their facial skin and the wrin­kles it caus­es as they get old­er: Wrinkles, pig­ment spots and couper­ose (small red veins) are not uncom­mon. But in the same way, the scalp also dete­ri­o­rates if it is not cared for prop­er­ly. One con­se­quence: hair loss! We tell you what you have to watch out for.

More sensitive than expected: the scalp

The dif­fer­ence between the scarce­ly noticed scalp and the vis­i­ble skin of the face is not only shown by the den­si­ty of hair or in the course of skin aging, but also by the increased num­ber of apoc­rine sweat glands and holocrine seba­ceous glands. These offer the sen­si­tive scalp pro­tec­tion against free rad­i­cals and envi­ron­men­tal influ­ences. If the scalp is no longer healthy, this is imme­di­ate­ly appar­ent — some­times on the scalp hair. (Read all about cir­cu­lar hair loss here)

Scalp ages six times faster than face skin — why? The scalp owes its rapid aging process to its extreme dis­po­si­tion to the sun, because it is by far the most exposed and often the most exposed to sun­light. The UVA radi­a­tion pen­e­trates deep into the der­mis and caus­es the col­la­gen and elas­tic fibres to relax. The sit­u­a­tion is fur­ther aggra­vat­ed by the fact that the scalp in par­tic­u­lar is hard­ly pro­tect­ed from the sun. Therefore: next time you go out in the sun with a cap or hat.

Dandruff and oily skin: If the natural protection is imbalanced

Most of us know the prob­lem: dan­druff. Annoying skin par­ti­cles, which often lead to embar­rass­ing­ly embar­rass­ing moments, espe­cial­ly on dark cloth­ing. The devel­op­ment is sim­ple — in con­trast to the treat­ment, explains mas­ter hair­dress­er and coach of the hair care brand “Goldwell” Beatrice Naumann: “The nat­ur­al acid man­tle (fats, sweat) of the skin as well as the PH-val­ue is out of bal­ance, the pro­tec­tive bac­te­r­i­al flo­ra is destroyed”. (Also inter­est­ing: The best tips against dan­druff)

The oppo­site is also often the case: oily skin, despite (or even because of) dai­ly hair wash­ing. In order to coun­ter­act an imbal­ance in the scalp area, the expert explains: “Dermatologists advise to first remove every­thing that is on the scalp. Use mild sham­poos that are spe­cial­ly for­mu­lat­ed for the scalp”.

Scalp scrubs? Of course!

Beatrice Naumann is a scalp expert and also gives the tip: “The best thing to do is to fol­low the skin care rit­u­al of the face: peel­ing, mask, serum. This is also opti­mal for scalp care”. She also rec­om­mends del­i­cate spe­cial peel­ings, which remove dead skin par­ti­cles extreme­ly gen­tly and thus ensure the ide­al recep­tive­ness of the skin for scalp treat­ments, tinc­tures and masks.

You should also pay spe­cial atten­tion to one thing: “Be care­ful with ingre­di­ents! Not every styling prod­uct is suit­able for every scalp. It should ide­al­ly be alco­hol-free. Too much heat and UV expo­sure should def­i­nite­ly be avoid­ed!” A well-groomed scalp not only alle­vi­ates dan­druff prob­lems, but can also have a pos­i­tive effect on hair loss (which main­ly affects men). (Read more about hair loss: Time to dis­pel these myths!)

Which scalp type are you?

In order to be able to deter­mine suc­cess in the treat­ment of var­i­ous scalp dis­eases, first make sure that you know your scalp type. This is often not obvi­ous at first glance, which is why Naumann always rec­om­mends going to a spe­cial­ist: “Scalp spe­cial­ists have var­i­ous pos­si­bil­i­ties for diag­no­sis, e.g. we have dif­fer­en­ti­at­ed der­mato­scopes and scalp cam­eras with dif­fer­ent res­o­lu­tions. This way we can show our cus­tomers their scalp with a dig­i­tal walk and they get their own before/after pic­tures direct­ly on their mobile phone or by e‑mail”.

Hair loss: These are the most common causes - and what you can do
Hair loss: These are the most com­mon caus­es — and what you can do

Hair loss: These are the most common causes — and what you can do

Cause#1: Genetic predisposition

Hereditary hair loss, also known as andro­ge­net­ic alope­cia, is con­sid­ered the main cause of most men with light hair (about 80%). The first signs often appear from the age of 20 onwards in the form of reced­ing hair­line. The hair roots are then par­tic­u­lar­ly hyper­sen­si­tive to the body’s own mes­sen­ger sub­stance dihy­dortestos­terone (DHT).

DHT is a meta­bol­ic prod­uct (a mod­i­fi­ca­tion of testos­terone), which actu­al­ly has pos­i­tive prop­er­ties. It is respon­si­ble for male devel­op­ment dur­ing puber­ty and for body hair. However, if the hair root is hyper­sen­si­tive to DHT due to genet­ic pre­dis­po­si­tion, the sub­stance caus­es the root to slow­ly with­er. As a result, the hair becomes thin­ner and thin­ner until final­ly no more hair can form. (Read also: Goodbye to hair loss? Researchers dis­cov­er promis­ing method against hair loss)

Treatment option: Unfortunately it is hard­ly pos­si­ble to coun­ter­act the genet­ic pre­dis­po­si­tion. Although hair can be strength­ened by vit­a­min treat­ments such as Pantovigar and Priorin, they can­not com­plete­ly pre­vent the genet­i­cal­ly caused hair loss. Only rad­i­cal treat­ment meth­ods such as hair trans­plan­ta­tion can help.

Cause#2: Incorrect care of the scalp

You’re los­ing way too much hair? Perhaps you are groom­ing your hair in the wrong way. Don’t pan­ic, that can eas­i­ly be changed. Starting with (too fre­quent) hair wash­ing, dai­ly styling and colour­ing, we often dam­age the scalp. Increasingly, cleans­ing sham­poos are used dur­ing wash­ing, which are effec­tive against residues and grease. However, they also often dry out the skin and bring it into imbal­ance, as they are aggres­sive and some­times abra­sive. (More about hair care: You real­ly need these eight prod­ucts)
The absolute super gau for skin and hair is and remains the dye­ing process. No mat­ter whether due to a change in style or grey hair cov­er­age — com­mer­cial colours con­tain tox­ic sub­stances such as ammo­nia, which aggres­sive­ly inter­fere with the nat­ur­al hair struc­ture and dam­age the hair at the root.

Treatment option: Also try not to wash your hair every day so that the nat­ur­al pro­tec­tive bar­ri­er is not imme­di­ate­ly removed and use mild sham­poos. Similarly essen­tial for the health of the scalp is gen­tle, dai­ly styling. Styling prod­ucts such as hair gel clog the pores of the scalp and thus dis­rupt the sup­ply to the hair root. Avoid using var­i­ous prod­ucts, at least tem­porar­i­ly. (Read also: How does a man care for his scalp prop­er­ly?)

Cause#3: Malfunctions of the thyroid gland

The thy­roid gland is one of the “usu­al sus­pects” when it comes to hair loss. The but­ter­fly-shaped organ may seem harm­less, but it is a com­plex con­struct: both over- and under-func­tion­ing often man­i­fest them­selves through brit­tle hair sub­stances and hair loss. The thy­roid hor­mones, which are formed from iodine and oth­er sub­stances, are respon­si­ble for dilat­ing the blood ves­sels, reg­u­lat­ing blood pres­sure and acti­vat­ing con­nec­tive tis­sue and metab­o­lism in the body.

When the thy­roid hor­mones tri­iodothy­ro­nine (T3) and tetraiodothy­ro­nine (T4) are over­pro­duced, the hair grows far too quick­ly, so that it does not devel­op the nec­es­sary thick­ness and strength and sim­ply falls out. In the case of hypo­func­tion, the metab­o­lism is so slow that hair growth is impaired as a result.

Treatment option: Beatrice Naumann rec­om­mends reg­u­lar blood count tests by a spe­cial­ist in order to be able to react to com­plaints in time.

Cause #4: Iron deficiency

Iron defi­cien­cy is prob­a­bly one of the most com­mon defi­cien­cy symp­toms in the body. A man needs about 10 mg of iron a day, but the body only pro­duces about two to four grams. Consequently, the iron must be sup­plied through the right diet. The hair fol­li­cles are con­sid­ered the most active cells in the body in terms of cell divi­sion. If there are defi­cien­cy symp­toms, the hair fol­li­cles are no longer sup­plied prop­er­ly and the divi­sion of the cells slows down. The con­se­quence: hair fol­li­cles die.

Treatment option: coun­ter­act this by keep­ing your diet var­ied. Eat vit­a­min-rich and iron-rich foods such as green leafy veg­eta­bles, fruits, dried fruit, nuts and almonds, as these are rich in iron. Food sup­ple­ments can also be the solu­tion. (Read also: How to recog­nise an iron defi­cien­cy)

Cause #5: Stress

Stress refers to the phys­i­cal and psy­cho­log­i­cal reac­tion to exter­nal stim­uli. In stress­ful sit­u­a­tions, hor­mones such as adren­a­line are released, which attack the nerve fibres. Since every hair fol­li­cle is sur­round­ed by nerve fibres and con­tains mes­sen­ger sub­stances of the ner­vous sys­tem, the mes­sen­ger sub­stance nora­dren­a­lin can dam­age the fol­li­cle dur­ing acute stress. As a result, the hair’s growth phase sim­ply breaks off dur­ing pro­longed stress.

Treatment option: Identify the source of stress — often it is prob­lems at work, in the part­ner­ship — and give your­self more atten­tion, med­i­ta­tion and breath­ing exer­cis­es to coun­ter­act the stress. Get enough sleep and talk­ing ther­a­py can also be a good help. (More about: Mindfulness for begin­ners: How to avoid stress)

There are several other triggers for hair loss:

Psoriasis, eczema, acute fun­gal infec­tion, infec­tions. Scalp expert Naumann rec­om­mends: “Use tinc­tures such as Minoxidil (not for inflam­ma­tion), prepa­ra­tions con­tain­ing cor­ti­sone, for exam­ple for alope­cia area­ta (cir­cu­lar hair loss), spe­cial scalp serums or rely on treat­ment meth­ods such as local cold treat­ment and Puva — a form of radi­a­tion with B‑waves (pho­tochemother­a­py)”. She also asks: “Always seek med­ical advice in advance.

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