Hello dream hair!
These 7 tips will make your hair sprout
"Rapunzel, Rapunzel, let down your hair!" Did you ever listen enviously to Grimms fairy tales read to you in the past? How long and strong must this girl's mane have been for both the enchantress and her prince charming to climb it?
In practical life, hair of this length would probably be rather impractical, but who wouldn't like to have long, full hair? Some people are blessed with it by nature, while others struggle in vain to grow a long mane. Why is this so? To better understand the mystery of "hair", here are some sober facts.
Structure of the human hair
Hair is horn threads, whose main components are keratin and lipids. In addition, there is melanin and about 15 % water. This is how sober and matter-of-factly the definition of our natural headdress reads, which not only protects our scalp from the sun's rays, but also underlines our personality.
The development of the hair already begins in the 6th week of pregnancy, when about 5 million hair roots are created. The hair consists of two parts: the hair shaft (the visible part of the hair) and the hair root and grows in a channel that belongs to the hair root.
The hair roots are stuck in the skin and extend to the subcutaneous tissue. They are surrounded by skin and connective tissue - the so-called hair follicles. They are surrounded by sebaceous glands and small muscles that can raise the hair. This is also where numerous nerve fibres end, which are responsible for the fact that we feel a draft in our hair, for example. The lower end of the hair root is called hair bulb because of its spherical appearance.
The papilla flows into this hair bulb. This well supplied with blood connective tissue nodule supplies the hair with oxygen and nutrients. It also controls hair growth through permanent cell division. These cells die, keratinize and gradually push themselves out of the skin due to the constant cell regeneration. This is how our magnificent hair is created.
The average life of a hair is 5 to 7 years, then it falls out and the so-called hair cycle starts all over again. A hair loss of about 70 and 100 hairs per day is completely normal. Since new hairs are constantly growing back, this natural Hair Loss ...doesn't matter. In the course of the hair cycle, human hair grows about 1 to 2 centimetres per month. But why don't all people have the same amount and density of hair?
The hair structure lies in the genes
Yeah, it's all in the genes. Because how the hair looks later, whether it is thick or thin, curly or straight, is genetically predetermined. The hair structure depends on the cross-section of the hair. If it is round, the hair becomes straight. With an oval cross-section, the hair is usually straight, but can also be wavy, while with an elliptical cross-section, the hair is curly.
The hair colour is also determined before birth. The composition of the pigment melanin determines whether the offspring will be blond, brunette, black or redheaded. Special skin cells, the so-called melanocytes, produce the pigment and store it in the hair. There are two variants: the light phaeomelanin and the dark eumelanin. The mixing ratio of these two pigments determines the hair colour. However, biologists have not yet deciphered this highly complex process in detail.
The fact is, however, that hair colour determines how many hairs a person has on their head - usually between 85,000 and 140,000 hairs. The blondes are the top performers with about 140,000. After all, brunettes and black-haired people have around 100,000 hairs, while redheads have to be satisfied with an average of 85,000 hairs.
What does this mean for our dream hair? Do we have to be satisfied with the splendour of hair that the genes have intended for us?
Factors that impede hair growth
No, of course you do not have to put up with your current hair situation. Just as you can change the colour of your hair or create curls with a permanent wave, you can also influence its volume and growth - both positively and negatively. If you are not satisfied with the current quality of your mane, your lifestyle could be to blame.
You read correctly - your lifestyle affects the growth of your hair. Studies have shown that poor nutrition, especially a lack of protein and iron, delays hair growth. Lack of sleep is another factor that stands in your way on the way to your dream mane.
Just like your skin, the hair roots also need time to regenerate. But they can only do this if they have enough time for it. Some scientists even assume that the hair grows at night. You should therefore allow yourself at least 6 to 7 hours per night. Also Stress can be responsible for hair growth getting out of sync.
Of course, stress cannot always be prevented. Nor does it refer to temporary stress, for example when there are hectic phases at work. It becomes problematic when it becomes a permanent condition. This is not good for the body and not good for the hair either. Why this is so has not yet been fully researched.
It is assumed, however, that under permanent stress the concentration of Noradrenaline in the hair follicles and causes inflammation. Hair growth is stopped and the hair root enters a resting phase.
7 tips for natural hair growth
Now that you know what you should not do, here are a few valuable tips that will bring you a lot closer to your dream hair.
As mentioned above, it plays a decisive role in hair growth. You should therefore make sure that your diet is as balanced as possible, rich in vitamins and nutrients. This will ensure that the hair roots are provided with everything they need to stimulate growth. Especially important are:
- Iron: Many people - and especially Women - are affected by iron deficiency. Meat, nuts, green vegetables, dairy products (especially quark), soybeans, pumpkin seeds, wheat bran or sesame are excellent sources of iron.
- Protein: A main component of the hair is keratin. Keratin in turn is a protein consisting of amino acids, which the body can only produce if it is supplied with enough protein. Soy products, meat, fish, eggs and nuts should therefore be on your menu regularly.
- Biotin: It protects against hair loss and is found, for example, in almonds, hazelnuts, soya products, milk and eggs.
- Omega-3 fatty acids: They stimulate the blood circulation, ensure fuller hair and also protect against hair loss. In addition to fish, walnuts, chia seeds and linseed are also important suppliers.
- Vitamin C: It is rich in antioxidants, which are important for strengthening the hair roots. Citrus fruits contain the vitamin naturally, but local products such as sea buckthorn, rose hips, broccoli, strawberries or apples can easily keep up or even outperform citrus fruits.
- Selenium: This mineral also supports the formation of protein and is found in meat, fish, cabbage, lentils and Brazil nuts, among other things.
The right care
On the way to your dream mane, it is important to use the right products - namely those that stimulate hair growth. Shampoos containing caffeine stimulate the blood circulation of the scalp and a scalp with better blood circulation can logically absorb the supplied nutrients and minerals better. The hair roots are also better nourished and the hair grows better. You can achieve the same effect with a shampoo containing the coenzyme Q 10. Replace your usual shampoo with a shampoo containing caffeine or Q 10 on a regular basis, about every other hair wash.
It does good, stimulates the blood circulation of the scalp and ensures that the hair follicles are better supplied with nutrients. 5 to 10 minutes are already sufficient for this. Pamper your scalp with a soothing massage, for example during hair washing. If it has to be done quickly, you can massage your shampoo in the shower in the morning. Move your fingers with light pressure in circular movements over the scalp. It is important that the fingertips lie flat so that the fingernails do not injure the scalp. Alternatively, you can use a so-called spider for the scalp massages.
Our grandmothers swore by castor oil for hair care. This old household remedy is rich in vitamin E and essential fatty acids and promotes the health of the scalp. You can use the oil for example with the above mentioned scalp massage. Leave it to work in for about 30 minutes and then rinse well. Coconut oil is also a natural hair growth wonder weapon. The oils have a particularly intensive effect if you let them work in overnight once or twice a week. To protect your good bed linen from oil stains, it is best to wrap your hair in an old T-shirt or sleep on an old pillowcase.
Apple cider vinegar rinse
Apple vinegar is a proven Beauty all-rounder. It nourishes the scalp, makes the hair soft and shiny and improves combability. You can also effectively prevent split ends. Add 1 to 2 tablespoons of apple vinegar to 1 litre of water and apply the conditioner after shampooing. Rinse well afterwards, then the smell of vinegar is gone and your hair is soft and well cared for.
On we go with grandma's bag of tricks. Did she also tell you that 100 brush strokes a day makes your hair grow? Grandma was right! Regular brushing stimulates - just like the scalp massage - the blood circulation of the scalp. So plan one to two minutes of brushing a day as part of your care routine. Perhaps you will actually achieve 100 brush strokes during this time. But even if there are fewer, you will boost hair growth.
Have tips cut regularly
You should let your hair down when you really want to let it grow? Granted, that sounds a little paradoxical. But in fact, you can prevent split ends and hair breakage and help your hair to grow back healthy. So plan a visit to your trusted hairdresser every two or three months and have the ends cut.
If you integrate all these tips into your beauty routine, you are well on the way to your dream hair. It remains to be seen whether it is strong enough to let a prince climb up it. But you will notice that it grows back fuller and stronger and looks wonderfully groomed.