Do you suffer from severe or normal hair loss?
A visit to the hairdresser often works wonders. The hair shines and lets you shine yourself. Because freshly cut and just coiffed hair looks good and makes you feel attractive. No wonder that unhealthy or even falling out hair has a negative effect on your mood and your self-perception. However, it is quite normal that you lose about 100 hairs a day. Hair Loss is therefore not always a cause for concern. This is especially true when a normal amount of hair falls out every day.
But at what point should you start to observe your hair loss more closely or even consult a doctor? You should clarify the reason for severe hair loss in the following situations:
- If you notice that you are losing much more hair than usual every day (on the pillow, in the towel or in the brush)
- If you notice that bald spots appear on your head.
- If, the hair loss continues over a longer period of time.
Because hair loss that lasts for a short time is often not caused by health reasons. To be absolutely sure, it is best to consult a dermatologist. After the examination he will decide on a possible treatment.
Reasons and causes of hair loss
There are many possible causes for hair loss. It also manifests itself in Women and men in different ways. The reason is hormonal in nature. Genetics also play a major role.
Hair loss in women often manifests itself through the loss of hair in the parting area. The entire Hair becomes thinner and loses pigment. For this reason it becomes finer and the scalp shines through. Women often have the impression that they lose more hair than usual in the months following pregnancy. This is not correct. During pregnancy, women lose less hair than usual. This means that the hair often looks thicker during pregnancy. In the months after, you lose more hair. This gives the impression that you are suffering from hair loss. Hormone preparations such as the pill also cause severe hair loss in some cases.
With men, on the other hand, the so-called receding hairline on. They develop on the sides above the temple. In the course of time they become bigger and bigger. That's what the genes are responsible for.
However, there are many other reasons for hair loss in men and women:
- A weakened immune system
- Nutrient deficiency
- An unhealthy lifestyle
- Medicinal treatments
- An imbalance in the hormone balance
You should also be careful with your hair. Because rough combing or frequent colouring puts it under stress. In this case the hair breaks, becomes brittle or its roots fall out.
Hereditary or congenital hair loss
People who suffer from hair loss usually suffer from hereditary hair loss. This is also known as alopecia androgenetica or androgenetic alopecia. Almost every second man is affected by this form of hair loss during his lifetime.
This congenital hair loss almost always follows a similar pattern. In the beginning, the generally known receding hairline develops.
Those affected also lose their hair:
- subsequently in the parting area
Once the hereditary hair loss has progressed, there is only a horseshoe-shaped rim. In extreme cases, a complete baldness develops.
From androgenetic alopecia are not only Men affected. Women also suffer from this form of hereditary hair loss. However, it only affects one in five women affected. The course of the disease also differs greatly from that of a man. Women do not lose all their hair. The hair loss is noticeable in the parting area, which becomes thinner.
Responsible for androgenetic alopecia is an inherited hypersensitivity of the hair root to a certain hormone. This hormone is dihydrotestosterone, or DHT. Age also plays an important role in this form of hair loss. The change in hair thickness often begins between the age of 30 and 40. As the disease progresses, the hair becomes thinner and thinner and the affected areas larger and larger.
Treatment for hair loss
The treatment of hair loss depends on the underlying cause. Does this consist of external factors such as too frequent hair coloring, straightening or stress, it is usually enough to change that. An unbalanced diet or an unhealthy lifestyle as the cause of your hair loss also does not require any medical treatment. In most cases, the hair recovers by itself if you change your lifestyle or diet.
At hormonal hair loss the treatment is carried out by other means. In this case it is unavoidable to go to a doctor. Only a dermatologist is able to make a reliable diagnosis. Because he will carry out the necessary examinations. For these he needs a trichogram. With this instrument he carries out an analysis of the hair root status. To be precise, he checks the ratio of growing to non-growing hair.
If hormones are the reason for your hair loss, in some cases a drug therapy is recommended. Often, however, medication is not necessary. This is because if you are pregnant or use a hormonal contraceptive method, the problem usually resolves itself. The hair will grow again as soon as the hormone balance has normalised or you have stopped taking the medication in consultation with your doctor.
Androgenetic alopecia requires a more elaborate treatment. For this purpose, drugs to stimulate the blood circulation of the hair follicles are possible.
They stimulate the activity of the hair root on the scalp. However, there is a risk of various side effects:
- Skin Irritations
- Skin inflammations
- unwanted hair growth on the body
However, with good care, androgenetic alopecia cannot be stopped or slowed down. In many cases, this form of hair loss cannot be influenced at all.
If the hair loss can no longer be stopped, there is the possibility of using wigs or toupees. Alternatively, you can have hair roots transplanted by a doctor. There are currently several possibilities for this:
- Autologous hair root transplantation: In this procedure, the physician removes hairy areas of skin under local anaesthetic. This he puts back in the hairless areas.
- The use of synthetic hair: these are inserted in the light areas.
In any case, it is important that you first have the causes of your hair loss clarified medically. Only then can a successful treatment begin.