Our hair is something like our business card. If something is wrong with this, we and our fellow human beings usually notice this immediately. One of the biggest problems: hair loss. Miracle drugs from the drugstore or pharmacy promise quick help to those affected. But is that true? We took a closer look at some hair myths.
Hello, my name is Capillus and I’m sitting on your head at the top.
I’m one of your 120,000 head hairs. We all hope that we will stay with you for about 5 years and then fail. But many of us have been on the chopping block before. This may be due, for example, to the lack of important nutrients. But what do I need to stay in power?
To grow I need vitamin H, or vitamin “hair”, as I like to call it. It is also known as biotin. This consists largely of protein. So egg dishes are good for me. Another important nutrient is zinc. That’s why I like all seafood, such as mussels, shrimps and especially oysters. However, not because of their aphrodisiac effect, but because oysters are the lone frontrunners in zinc content.
Zinc provides collagen and this ensures that I can anchor myself well in the scalp. If you don’t like seafood, you can also grab a cereal from oatmeal, pumpkin seeds and flaxseeds.
And then, of course, I want to look beautiful. For this I need panthenol, also called vitamin B5. What else you smear on open wounds is also good for me. Panthenol makes me elastic and shiny and is an optimal protection against environmental influences. However, you should not cream me with sore ointment now. It is better, for example, to eat nuts. But avocados, yoghurt and fish also provide panthenol.
Let’s sum up: My optimal menu would be fried egg with oysters and nuts. Instead, you can also eat mushrooms. Biotin, zinc and panthenol are included. Eating mushrooms I can remember well.
“But there has to be more that helps,” many will now wonder who are running out of hair.
Dr. Harriet Rapprich, dermatologist from Darmstadt, is with us.
Hello. — Good evening.
Many I also know use such shampoos. Does that bring anything?
If you only want to treat a primary hair loss, which is hereditary, such shampoos don’t actually bring much. Most shampoos here contain caffeine. This is only useful for the blood circulation of the scalp. But the therapy of a hereditary hair loss or hair loss with another reason, this is different.
This should not be the only therapy. These are, for example, only shampoos to treat sometimes ’né scaling.
The two. — Exactly.
This is followed from time to time by a hair loss. But this should not be used for the sole therapy of hair loss. This usually only uses the account of the manufacturer. There is also such a small asterisk here. At the back you can read that only scaly hair helps.
But what really helps with hair loss that I inherited from my father or grandpa?
In the case of man’s hereditary hair loss, there is a drug that we have known for many years. This is the so-called finasteride. You can take that. This actually stops the hair loss. Sometimes it can even improve the actual state. However, as a man you have to take the drug permanently. As soon as you put it down, the hair loss continues.
We also know for several years that the drug has side effects that need to be noted.
They would be?
One describes suicidal thoughts, the amplification of depression. It can lead to erectile dysfunction and also to libido loss.
Still, men take that?
Yes. I think it’s worth it to a lot of people. It also does not happen in every patient, but these side effects are increasingly described.
And it must be prescribed?
Exactly. There are also women with hair loss and men who have not inherited this. There are various reasons for hair loss.
When does it become problematic at all?
Hair loss of up to 100 hairs per day is normal. Nobody should worry about that. From 150 hairs per day it is questionable. Especially when it’s over several months. Then you should see a dermatologist and have it checked.
What but my genes can lead to hair loss?
It has to be said that it is not only male-induced, genetic determined, i.e. predisposed hair loss. Women can also suffer from hereditary hair loss. This is the hair loss that does not affect women in the secret council corner area. But this happens mainly in the apex area and then spreads over the entire scalp in the frontal area.
So can a woman get a bald ness?
She doesn’t get a baldness. This is the most common question women ask: “Do I get a baldness?” No. It leads to a pronounced thinning of the hair. But there is never or very rarely a baldness, but mainly a thinning. This is good news for women who suffer.
In what cases does this help?
We have just seen what can be done in terms of nutrition.
In what cases does this help at all?
There is also diffuse hair loss. This mostly affects women. There is a failure in the entire head area. There can be many reasons for this. This can be a nutritional error, for example a very strict vegan diet. But even a very meaty, high-fat diet can cause such a hair loss. But also deficiency symptoms such as zinc or iron deficiency.
In women who have a very strong menstruation, iron deficiency often occurs. This also leads to a hair loss. You have to find out what a deficiency you have. Circular hair loss is also a possibility.
What can I do about it?
This is very common. It is described that 1–2% of people can develop circular hair loss over the course of their lives. This applies to men and women and to all age groups. But this is often spontaneously reversible. That is, the hairs come back. If this is not the case, it can be treated with cortisone ointments, for example, or in the case of extensive injection. What the football fan knows most about Jürgen Klopp is the transplant of hair. The normal person may not be able to afford this. Those who think about it:
Do you recommend something like that?
This depends on the man’s sense of how much he suffers from it. There are different manifestations. You can replenish or reforest a slightly lighter hair growth with something like that. But to provide a complete baldness with grafts is very expensive. And you have to imagine what that looks like in old age. You can replenish that. Mr Klopp, for example, has done so.
But what about 20–30 years from now, when more has fallen out?
Then the transplanted hair stops. This sometimes looks grotesque. But you have to know that. And it doesn’t pay a cash register. — The cashier does not bear this. Important information on hair loss.
I think we have enlightened with many myths and advertising promises. Thank you for helping us here.
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